1. King Ahaziah is injured after a fall and wants to know whether he
will recover. He sends messengers to the pagan god Baal. They are intercepted by Elijah
who tells them that Ahaziah will not leave his bedhe is to die. Ahaziah wants Elijah to
come to his bedside. He sends three companies of troops to bring Elijah to him. The first
and second companies are burned by fire brought down on them at Elijahs request. The
angel of the Lord tells him to go to Ahaziah. He does so but his words remain the same. He
scolds Ahaziah for contacting pagan gods and says "Because you have done this you
will never leave the bed you are lying on. You will certainly die". So Ahaziah dies
as Elijah had foretold. 2 Kings 1:1-17. B.C. 852-841
2. Ahaziah had no sons so his brother, Joram (852-841), succeeded him. 2 Kings 1:17-18.
3. Elijah is taken up to heaven at a place close to where Moses died. That his life was remarkable is born out by the fact that he was one of those chosen to appear at the Transfiguration of Jesus. Elisha takes up Elijahs task. That God is with him is proved by the healing of the water and the mauling by bears of the men who jeered at him. 2 Kings 2:1-25.
4. Joram became king of Israel in the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah. He reigned for twelve years and did evil in the eyes of the Lord. King Mesha of Moab had paid tribute of wool to Ahaziah but when Joram was made King Mesha revolted against the continuation of this tribute. Joram obtains the co-operation of King Jehoshaphat of Judah and together with the King of Edom they marched to meet King Meshas army. After a seven day march they ran out of water and the three kings go to consult Elisha who, by the Lords power makes waters to flow. 2 Kings 3:1-20.
5. The Moabites are defeated and King Mesha sacrifices his firstborn son on the city wall. 2 Kings 3:21.27.
6. The next chapter details four of Elishas miracles.
1) A widows sons are to be taken from her to pay a debt. Elisha makes endless oil to flow which she is able to sell to pay the debt. 2 Kings 4:1-7.
2) An old woman and her husband show kindness to Elisha by having a room for him whenever he passes by. He tells her that she will conceive. She has a son but he dies. Elisha brings him back to life. 2 Kings 4:8-37.
3) Poisonous stew is made safe by Elisha. 2 Kings 4:38-41.
4) A hundred men are fed from twenty loaves. 2 Kings 4:42-44.
7. God shows that his love is not limited to Israel. Naaman is the army commander of Syria. He is a leper. He hears of Elishas power. He is disappointed with Elishas instructions but is persuaded to bathe seven times in the Jordan at which his leprosy is cured. Greed entered the heart of Elsihas servant Gehazi who took payment for the cure. His reward is to be struck down with leprosy. 2 Kings 5:1-27.
8. More of Elishas miracles.
1) A man loses his axe head in a river. Elisha gets it to float so that it can be recovered. 2 Kings 6:1-7.
2) The king of Aram sends his troops to capture Elisha who makes them all blind. 2 Kings 6:8-23.
3) There is a famine in Samaria which reduces people to cannibalism. Elisha prophecies that food will be at the gateway the next day. By a miracle this happens. 2 Kings 6:24-33. & 7:1-20.
9. The woman whose son Elisha brought back from the dead is given back her land. 2 Kings 8:1-6.
10. Elisha correctly prophecies the death of Ben-Hadad. 2 Kings 8:7-15848-841
11. Jehoram (848-841) son of Jehoshaphat commences his reign as king of Judah. He reigned in Jerusalem for eight years. He did evil in the eyes of the Lord. 2 Kings 8:16-24.
12. Jehoram dies and his son Ahaziah (841) becomes king of Judah. He did evil in the eyes of the Lord. 2 Kings 8:25-29.
13. Elisha sends his servant to anoint Jehu (841-814) as king of Israel. 2 Kings 9:1-13.
14. Jehu sets out to complete the prophecy of Elijah (See 1 Kings 19:16-17.) Jehu kills Jehoram. Then Jehu wounds Ahaziah king of Judah who escapes to Meggido but dies there. 2 Kings 9:14-29.
15. Jehu goes to Jezreel. Jezebel is looking down from a window. Jehu tells two eunuchs to throw her down and they do. Later they go to get her body only to find bones. Thus the prophecy of Elijah is fulfilled. (See 1 Kings 21:23.) 2 Kings 9:30-37 .
16. Jehus reign continues a blood-bath in which all Ahabs family, many of the royal house of Judah, and the prophet and worshippers of Baal lose their lives. Baal pagan objects are destroyed. 2 Kings 10:1-36.
17. Queen Athaliah (835-796), the mother of Ahaziah, proceeds to destroy all the royal family. But Ahaziahs son, Joash, is hidden away so he was not killed. He remained hidden for six years while his mother ruled the land. The high priest Jehoiada, whose wife had hidden Joash, called together commanders of the guards and made a covenant with them then showed them the kings son. The guards surrounded the king in the Temple while Jehoiada anointed him. Queen Athaliah is put to death. 2 Kings 11:1-20.
18. Joash (835-796) was one of Judahs best kings. He was only seven when his reign commenced and he ruled for forty years. 2 Kings 11:21
19. Under the guidance of the high priest, Jehoiada, Joash rules well. He orders repairs to the temple. When Hazael king of Aram comes to attack Jerusalem, Joash takes all the sacred objects and gold from the treasuries and gives them to Hazael who withdraws. Joash is assassinated and is succeeded by his son Amaziah. 2 Kings12:1-21.
20. In the twenty-third year of the reign of Ahaziah king of Judah, Jehoahaz (814-798) son of Jehu became king of Israel. He reigned for seventeen years and did evil in the eyes of the Lord. He died and his son Jehoash succeeded him. 2 Kings 13:1-9.
21. Jehoash (798-782), king of Israel ruled for sixteen years. He did evil in the eyes of the Lord. He died and Jeroboam succeeded him. 2 Kings 13:10-13.
22. Elisha is ill and dies after predicting that Jehoash will defeat the Arameans three times. 2 Kings 13:14-25
23. In the second year of the reign of Jehoash king of Israel, Amaziah (796-767) son of Joash became king of Judah. He reigned for twenty nine years. He did what was right in the eyes of the Lord. He was victorious over the Edomites but this went to his head and he challenges Jehoash king of Israel. Judah was routed by Israel. Jehoash took all the gold and silver from the Temple and from the royal palace. Jehoash died and was succeeded by his son Jereboam II. Amaziah was assassinated and was succeeded by his son Azariah. 2 Kings 14:1-22.
24. Jereboam II (793-753) king of Israel reigned for forty one years, including a time as co-regent. He was politically strong, dominating the land from north of Lebanon to the Dead Sea. This reign is Israels Indian Summer. After his death the nation falls apart. Jereboam II dies and is succeeded by his son Zechariah. 2 Kings 14:23-29
25. Azariah (792-740), king of Judah, was a good king who reigned for fifty two years including a time as a co-regent. He did what was right in the eyes of the Lord. He was afflicted with Leprosy and lived in a separate house. His son, Jotham, had charge of the palace and governed the people of the land. Azariah dies and his son Jotham succeeds him. 2 Kings 15:1-7.
26. Zechariah (753 6 months) rules for only six months does evil in the eyes of the Lord and is assassinated by Shallum who succeeds him. Shallum (752 1 month) rules for one month when he is assassinated by Menahem who succeeds him. 2 Kings 15:8-16.
27. Menahem (752-742) reigns as king of Israel for ten years. He does evil in the eyes of the Lord. He becomes a vassal to the powerful Tiglath-Pileser III, king of Assyria and exacts silver from the wealthy to give to the king. Menaham dies and is succeeded by his son Pekahiah. 2 Kings 15:17-22.
28. Pekahiah (742-740) ruled as king of Israel for two years. He did evil in the eyes of the Lord. He was assassinated by one of his chief officers, Pekah, who succeeded him. 2 Kings 15:23-26.
29. Pekah (752-732) king of Israel reigned for twenty years. He did evil in the eyes of the Lord. His anti-Assyrian policy leads to mass deportation of the people by Tiglath-Pileser III King of Syria. Pekah is assassinated by Hoshea who succeeds him. 2 Kings 15:27-31.
30. Jotham (750-735) king of Judah reigned for sixteen years including a co-regency. He did what was right in the eyes of the Lord. Jotham dies and is succeeded by his son Ahaz. 2 Kings 15:32-38.
31. Ahaz (735-715) was one of Judahs worst kings. During his sixteen year reign and co-regency Judah was under attack from all quarters. Ahaz stripped the temple of silver and gold to pay heavy tributes demanded by Assyria in return for help. Some of Isaiahs prophecies date from this time. Ahaz dies and is succeeded by his son Hezekiah. 2 Kings 16:1-20.
32. Hoshea (732-722) was the last king of Israel. He reigned for nine years. He did evil in the eyes of the Lord. He tried to obtain help from Egypt but when Salmanneser king of Syria discovered this he seized Hoshea and put him in prison and invaded the entire land deporting the Israelites to Assyria. All this came about because the Israelites had sinned. They burnt incense to pagan gods they rejected Gods decrees and the covenant he had made with them. 2 Kings 17:1-23.
33. The king of Assyria brought people from Babylon, Cuthah, Avva, Hamath and Sepharvaim and settled them in the towns of Samaria to replace the Israelites. But some were attacked by lions and they attributed this to their lack of knowledge of the local God. Therefore the king of Assyria gave the order that a captive priest should return to teach the people what the God of the land requires. So one of the priests who had been exiled returned to teach them how to worship the Lord. 2 Kings 17:24-28.
34. Nevertheless, each national group made its own gods. Even child sacrifice was practiced. 2 Kings 17:29-41.
35. Hezekiah (715-686), king of Judah, reigned for twenty nine years, plus a co-regency, and was one of Judahs finest kings. He did what was right in the eyes of the Lord. He destroyed pagan idols. He also broke the bronze snake which Moses had made to the Lords command when in the desert (See Numbers 21:8). The people had been burning incense to it. 2 Kings 18:1-8.
36. Jerusalem is threatened by Sennacherib king of Assyria. He sends his supreme commander with other officers to Jerusalem. They refuse private talks with Hezekiah preferring to harangue the crowd. They tell the people not to listen to Hezekiah. 2 Kings 18:9-37.
37. Hezekiah sends his administrator and secretary to the Temple to consult Isaiah who tells them not to be afraid. He prophecies that the Assyrian commander will receive news which will make him leave Jerusalem. This duly happens when news comes that the king of Assyria is fighting against Libnah. 2 Kings 19:1-8.
38. Hezekiah receives a letter telling him not to put trust in the Lord. He goes to the Temple and prays. Then Isaiah prophesied that Sennacherib and his army would be destroyed. This prophecy was fulfilled when eighty five thousand men in the Asyrian camp died. (Possibly the result of plague). Sennacherib returns to Nineveh where later, he is assassinated by his sons. 2 Kings 19:9-37.
39. Hezekiah becomes ill and Isaiah predicts that he will not recover. Hezekiah prays and Isaiah returns to him to tell him that the Lord has heard his prayer, he will live for another fifteen years. 2 Kings 20:1-11.
40. The king of Babylon heard that Hezekiah was ill and sent letters and a gift. Hezekiah showed the messengers all that was in his storehouse and all the treasures. Later Isaiah prophecied that everything in Jerusalem would be carried off to Babylon. Hezekiah died and was succeeded by his son Manasseh. 2 Kings 20:12-21.
41. Manasseh (697-642) ruled for fifty five years including time as a co-regent. He did evil in the eyes of the Lord. He rebuilt pagan shrines which his father had destroyed and sacrificed his own son as well as practicing sorcery and divination. Mannasseh died and was succeeded by his son Amon. 2 Kings 21:1-18.
42. Amon (642-640) was another evil king. He ruled for two years and was then assassinated by his servants. He was succeeded by his son Josiah. 2 Kings 21:19-26.
43. Josiah (640-609) ruled for thirty one years. He did what was right in the eyes of the Lord and was the best of Judahs kings. In the eighteenth year of his reign a book of the law is found. Huldah, the prophetess tells of disaster which is to come. 2 Kings 22:1-20.
44. Josiah renews the Covenant with God. Idol worship is stopped and the Passover is celebrated but the hearts of the people do not change. Josiah is killed by Pharaoh Necos army at Meggido. He is buried in Jerusalem and is succeeded by his son Jehoahaz. 2 Kings 23:1-30. 609 45. Jehoahaz (609 3 months)was on the throne for an evil three months. He was put in chains by Pharaoh Neco and deported to Egypt. Neco chose Jehoahazs brother Eliakim to succeed him but changed Eliakims name to Jehoiakim. 2 Kings 23:31-35.
46. Jehoiakim (609-598) ruled for eleven years. He did evil in the eyes of the Lord. During his reign he became vassal to Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylon but later changed his mind and rebelled. Jehoiakim dies and is succeeded by his son Jehoiachin. 2 Kings 23:36-37 & 24:1-7.
47. Jehoiachin (597 3 months) was removed from the throne after three months by Nebuchadnezzar and taken to Babylon along with the treasures of Jerusalem and all the leading men of Judah. Nebuchadnezzar chose Jehoiachins uncle, Mattaniah, to be king and changed his name to Zedekiah. 2 Kings 24:8-17.
48. The new puppet king, Zedekiah (597-586), reigns for eleven years. He did evil in the eyes of the Lord. In the ninth year of his reign he rebelled against Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon who marched against Jerusalem which suffered a terrible eighteen month siege. Zedekiah tries to escape but is captured. His sons are killed in front of him and his eyes are gouged out, and he is taken to Babylon. 2 Kings 24:18-20 & 25:1-7.
49. The city is plundered and utterly destroyed. Only the poor are left behind. A governor, Gedaliah, is appointed by Nebuchadnezzer. Later Gedaliah is assassinated and all the people flee to Egypt for fear of the Babylonians. 2 Kings 25:8-26.
50. The second book of kings, which has more than its share of bloodshed and evil, finishes on a note of peace and kindness. After thirty five years in prison, Jehoiachin, the penultimate king of Judah, is released by Evil-Merodach, son of Nebuchadnezzer, and allowed to sit at the kings table and is given a regular allowance. 2 Kings 25:27-3O.
931 - 913 Rehoboam
931 - 910/9 Jereboam 1
Where the years do not appear to follow on correctly, there was
probably a period of co-regency.
* Also known as.